Manure storage and handling

Confined Animal Facility
Dairy | Beef | Poultry | Other
Farm Crop
Field Crop | Orchard Crop

Manure Storage and Handling

EMISSION SOURCE TYPE:

Manure Storage and Handling – Livestock Operations

CONTROL TYPE:

BACM

KEY POLLUTANT:

PM10, Ammonia, VOC

DESCRIPTION(S):

The following are practices that can be used to reduce PM10 emissions:

Fibrous Layer in Dusty Areas: add fibrous material to working areas.

Freestall Housing: use freestall housing with cement floor to allow for manure cleaning with a flushing system.

Frequent Scraping and/or Manure Removal: remove manure from open corrals. Conditions of removal, and frequency of removal may be specified.

Pull-Type Manure Harvesting Equipment: use a pull-type piece of equipment to leave an even corral surface.

Removing Excess Water: eliminate water leaks from troughs and trough piping, and comply with corral drainage standards.

Shaded Areas in Open Corrals: make available shaded areas in open corrals which increases animal density and reduces animal movement.

Sprinkling of Open Corrals: ensure adequate corral surface moisture levels to prevent visible dust emissions or meet specified moisture conditions. (In some areas, not recommended for lactating cows.)

Time-of-Day Scraping/Harrowing: scrape/harrow in morning hours when moisture is typically higher.

PLEASE REFER TO THE FOLLOWING FOR DETAILED RULES OR INFORMATION:

Please note that many of the documents listed are in Adobe PDF format. To view or print these files you may need to download the free Adobe Reader.

San Joaquin Valley Unified APCD List of Conservation Management Practices (pdf)  

San Joaquin Valley Unified APCD Rule 4550 – Conservation Management Practices (pdf)

Imperial County APCD Rule 420 (pdf)

South Coast AQMD Rule 1127 – Emissions Reductions from Livestock Waste (pdf)